Rex E. Gerald, anthropologist and teacher, received his undergraduate degree from the University of Arizona in 1951. During the Korean War, he served as a physical anthropologist for the Central Identification Unit of the U. S. Army in Japan and Korea. He completed his M.A. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1957. While in graduate school, he worked on excavations at Point of Pines, Arizona, Hermit's Cave,
New Mexico, and Janos, Chihuahua, Mexico. In 1958, he came to El Paso and became the Director of the Centennial Museum at the University of Texas at El Paso. He was director of the museum for 22 years (1958-1980). In the 1970s, he researched Indian groups of the El Paso area. His findings were instrumental in federal recognition of the Tigua tribe of Ysleta del Sur Pueblo. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1975. Rex E. Gerald died May 13, 1990.
The collection consists mainly of reports pertaining to proposed construction sites around El Paso and West Texas, articles written by Gerald, his research files, photographs, slides, and some correspondence.