Interviewee

Refugio Hernández

Interviewer

Rosy Chivardi

Project

Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Refugio Hernández was raised by his uncle, Loreto Hernández, who was born in Los Angeles, California; Refugio’s other uncle, Crescencio Alpidio Hernández Delgado, who was Loreto’s brother, was born in San Jose, California, in 1927; both of Refugio’s uncles and the rest of their family were repatriated in 1932, and went to Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México; Crescencio tried returning to the United States, but initially had great difficulties; during the 1940s and 1950s he worked in Arizona and California picking grapes, lettuce, limes, and oranges.

Summary of Interview

Mr. Hernández discusses his uncles, Loreto Hernández and Crescencio Alpidio Hernández Delgado, and the stories he heard about them as a child; Loreto, Crescencio, and the rest of their siblings were born in the United States, but they were all repatriated in 1932; they then moved to Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México; Crescencio tried returning to the United States, but initially had great difficulties due to his Pahuco style of dress; during the 1940s and 1950s he worked in Arizona and California picking grapes, lettuce, limes, and oranges; he also worked in El Paso, Texas unloading trucks; Refugio discusses the various instances of discrimination that his uncle encountered; he also describes the circumstances surrounding Crescencio’s death; moreover, he speaks about how working in the United States affected his uncle and their family.

Date of Interview

11-12-2005

Length of Interview

19 minutes

Listen to the Interview

 
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Tape Number

No. 1098

Transcript Number

No. 1098

Length of Transcript

9 pages

Interview Number

No. 1098

Terms of Use

Unrestricted

Comments

Interview in Spanish.

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