Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Raúl Canela was born on June 19, 1940, in Emiliano Zapata, Michoacán, México; he received formal education and finished secondary schooling; at age fourteen, he began working in agriculture; at age twenty-two, he joined the Bracero Program; he worked in California picking tomatoes.
Summary of Interview
Mr. Canela recalls growing up in Emiliano Zapata, Michoacán, México; he states that he attended formal schooling through the high school level, and afterwards began working in agriculture; additionally, he explains that he joined the Bracero Program at age twenty-two; as a bracero, he worked in California picking tomatoes; he describes the hiring process at Empalme, Sonora, México, the medical exams he endured, and the disinfection process; furthermore, he details what daily life was like on the camp, the length of his work week, and the treatment he received; he remembers that the braceros would often play soccer and boxing for entertainment, and that sometimes their boss would take them into town to watch movies; moreover, he recounts that he sent money to his mother every week; after the program finished, he expresses that he returned to the United States as an undocumented worker; to conclude, he states that he acquired U.S. citizenship in 1970.
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
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Length of Transcript
Interview with Raúl Canela by Mireya Loza, 2005, "Interview no. 1113," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.