Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Rodolfo Aranda Morales was born in Morelos, Chihuahua, México; he began working with the Bracero Program in 1953; as a bracero, he worked in the cotton and beet fields of Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas, and Wyoming; he continued working as a bracero until 1962.
Summary of Interview
Mr. Aranda recalls that up to 10,000 braceros were hired per day in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, México; in Rio Vista, a processing center in Socorro Texas, the braceros were separated according to which state they were from because this was thought to have a direct correlation with their skills; many farmers did not like to hire braceros from the south of México, because they did not have enough experience; in general, the braceros from the south of México earned much less than those from the north; Mr. Aranda often sent money orders to his family, but due to problems he encountered, he began using bank checks instead; while working in the cotton fields, he became ill and was hospitalized; he recalls how each bracero had to pay $2.00 for the bags that they would use to collect the cotton they had picked for that day; Mr. Aranda worked as a bracero for nearly ten years, from 1953 to 1962.
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
Listen to the Interview
Length of Transcript
Interview with Rodolfo Aranda Morales by Myrna Parra-Mantilla, 2003, "Interview no. 1118," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.