Interviewee

Rosario Renteria

Interviewer

Violeta Mena

Project

Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Rosario Renteria was born on May 14, 1939, on a ranch named Tacote, and she was raised in Nayarit, México; her father’s name was Eugenio Rentería, and her mother’s name was Refugio Gómez de Rentería; Rosario was the eldest of her eight siblings, one of whom died as an adult; although she was never formally educated, some of her younger brothers and sisters were; when she was twelve years old, she helped support her family by selling helados; her father, Eugenio, worked as a bracero in the fields of California, picking cotton and dates; she ultimately helped both her parents immigrate to the United States, but her father later died in 1991 and her mom in 1998.

Summary of Interview

Ms. Renteria talks about her family at length, including each of her siblings, and their corresponding occupations and families; her father, Eugenio Rentería, was a campesino, who later enlisted in the bracero program; she describes him as an extremely hard worker, fighter, and survivor; as a bracero, he worked in Calexico, Coachella, and Indio, California, picking cotton and dates; he often traveled back and forth between the United States and México; while working in Calexico, he was transferred to Indio; although he could not write, he regularly had someone help him so he could send letters and money home; Rosario’s mother, Refugio Gómez de Rentería, suffered greatly while Eugenio was gone; she cared for the children, and the entire family had to take over responsibility for the land; Rosario recalls crying and feeling alone whenever her father left; she used to ask him to take her with him to the United States; after the program ended he returned to México, but he kept returning to the United States; as an adult, Rosario immigrated to the United States and later married at the age of twenty-six; she ultimately helped both her parents immigrate to the United States, but her father later died in 1991 and her mom in 1998.

Date of Interview

5-25-2006

Length of Interview

29 minutes

Listen to the Interview

 
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Tape Number

No. 1158

Transcript Number

No. 1158

Length of Transcript

20 pages

Transcriber

GMR Transcription Service

Interview Number

No. 1158

Terms of Use

Unrestricted

Comments

Interview in Spanish.

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