Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Alma Delia Fraile Barozio was born in Parácuaro, Michoacán, México, on December 18, 1962; she was the third born of her eight brothers and three sisters, and she also had a half brother; her parents owned the land they farmed, and they also had a small grocery store; although she was too young to remember, her grandfather and uncles served in the bracero program; Alma eventually married and had two children; she was formally educated and even began receiving technical training for a career; both she and her husband were political activists involved in various social causes and cooperative projects; she also worked with the Alianza de Nacional Bracero PROA.
Summary of Interview
Ms. Fraile talks about her family and her life growing up; her grandfather and uncles served in the bracero program, but she was too young to remember any details; by the time she was eighteen years old, she was involved with the Confederación Nacional Campesina (CNC) and their fight for equal land rights for women on ejidos; at the time, she was also studying for a career in social work; in time, she married and had two children; she and her husband were political activists involved in various social causes and cooperative projects; some time later, she began working in the United States without documents for two to three months out of the year to help support her family; she describes working in the fields and packing plants; immigration officials eventually caught her and put her in jail before deporting her; she goes on to detail the various organizations she worked with; in 2001, she started working with former braceros; as she grew more involved she joined the Alianza de Nacional Bracero PROA, where she ultimately became one of the head regional coordinators for the state of Michoacán; she goes on to chronicle the gradual organizing of more municipalities, the obstacles of managing various documents, the difficulties with government officials and agencies, as well as the organization’s accomplishments.
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Interview with Alma Delia Fraile Barozio by Mireya Loza, 2007, "Interview no. 1392," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.