Oscar J. Martinez
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
(Social Worker; community leader) Born in Rio Florido, Chihuahua, on April 9, 1896; full-blooded Indian, Tepehuani and Tarahumara; educated in Chihuahua and at Sacred Heart School in El Paso, Texas.
Summary of Interview
Early life and migration to El Paso; reenganches and railroad workers; family background; immigration in Juarez-El Paso; beginning of work with U.S. Catholic Conference; Mexican evacuation, 1904-1905; housing in El Paso; Diaz-Taft meeting; wages in El Paso; refugees; World War I (brief); deportations of the 1930s; repatriations back to the United States; the term "Chicano."
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
1 hour 30 minutes
Listen to the Interview
Length of Transcript
Interview with Cleofas Calleros by Oscar J. Martinez, 1972, "Interview no. 157," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.