Myrna Parra Mantilla
Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Nicolás Carreón Vega was born in Villa Aldama, Chihuahua, México, in 1933 [in 1995, the Mexican Congress changed the name from Villa Aldama to Ciudad Aldama]; as the eldest of the family, upon his father’s death he began working in the fields when he was only eight years old; he learned about the Bracero Program in 1953 and came to the United States.
Summary of Interview
Mr. Carreón briefly recounts his childhood; he focuses on his time in the United States as a bracero from 1953 until the mid 1960s; he discusses work contracts and the possibilities under which a mica card could be obtained; he worked in the cotton fields of Texas and New Mexico, the beet fields of Colorado, and on ranches in Arizona as well; while working in Artesia, New Mexico, he caught pneumonia and was hospitalized for a month; in 1955, he worked without a contract in Pecos, Texas, was caught and sent to jail; in 1958, the cotton field he worked was flooded so he and others were sent elsewhere to finish out their contracts.
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
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Length of Transcript
Interview with Nicolás Carreón Vega by Myrna Parra Mantilla, 2003, "Interview no. 963," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.