Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Elías Espino was born in Meoqui, Chihuahua, México, in 1929; his mother was a housewife and his father was a carpenter; he attended school for only a short time; he worked in construction until he was fourteen years old; in 1942, he learned of the Bracero Program and immigrated to the United States.
Summary of Interview
Mr. Espino was first hired in Las Cruces, New Mexico, where he worked for a year; during his time as a bracero he worked in Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, and Arizona; he recounts his difficulties while working illegally; he also recalls the percentage the Mexican government received from the United States for each bracero worker; he lead a protest to stop the delousing process for braceros entering the United States; in addition, he also remembers that the Bracero Program was suspended for an entire year in 1959.
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Interview with Elías Espino by Myrna Parra-Mantilla, 2003, "Interview no. 967," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.