Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Juan de Dios Estrada López was born in Rancho Rosas, Municipio de General Trías, Chihuahua, México, in 1929 [in 1993, the Mexican Congress changed the name of this Municipio to Santa Isabel]; upon his father’s passing, he began working on ranches at the age of ten; in 1954, he moved to the city of Chihuahua where he learned about the Bracero Program; he worked in the cotton fields of Texas and New Mexico and the beet fields of Colorado and Nebraska.
Summary of Interview
Mr. Estrada recalls a recruitment/processing center for braceros in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, México, called El Trocadero; the hiring process there was easier if your name was already on the county’s list; another center for braceros was located in Dell City, Texas; ranchers came here and hired braceros; legal and illegal workers were hired at the same time, but illegal workers received fewer wages; in their free time, the workers would go to the movies; sometimes the ranchers would give them rides on their planes for $2.00.
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
Listen to the Interview
Length of Transcript
Interview with Juan de Dios Estrada López by Myrna Parra-Mantilla, 2003, "Interview no. 969," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.