Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Francisco García Carrillo was born in Cusihuiriachi, Chihuahua, México, in 1933; his father was a rancher; at the age of seven, he would help his father work; later, when he was fourteen, he began working in the mines; because working in the mines was such a dangerous job, he decided to go to Chihuahua, Chihuahua, to be hired as a bracero; he began working as a bracero when he was only eighteen years old; he worked in Texas and New Mexico.
Summary of Interview
Mr. García recalls that during the hiring process, people from the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Durango, and Zacatecas received privileges; during the general hiring process, American officials would ask people if cotton and apples could be picked the same way; anyone who answered that they could, would be dismissed; Mr. García also remembers that he and his friends would drink milk prior to taking X-rays so that their lungs would appear healthy and clean; after working as a bracero for a time, he was promoted to steward; during the holidays, the braceros would celebrate by grilling chicken for dinner and drinking beer; the Mexican Counsel was helpful in resolving any problems braceros may have encountered.
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Interview with Francisco García Carrillo by Myrna Parra-Mantilla, 2003, "Interview no. 971," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.