Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Elías García Venzor was born in Gran Morelos, Chihuahua, México, in 1925; his parents passed away when he was only seven years old; in 1950, he learned about the Bracero Program; he was married and had children at the time; he worked in the cotton and beet fields of Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado.
Summary of Interview
Upon entering the United States, Mr. García was sent to Rio Vista, a processing center in Socorro, Texas, where he was given a physical exam; those who were sick or physically unable to work were sent back to México; he worked for about ten or eleven years as a bracero; his four brothers were also braceros; his worst experience was when he worked in Pecos, Texas, because he earned very little money for very difficult work there; the living conditions were also difficult because there were between 200-300 braceros per barracks; because they had no showers, they filled steel tanks with water and left them outside to be warmed by the sun; he was unaware of any medical services; his best working experience was in Colorado, where he earned up to $500.00 for forty-five days of work.
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
Listen to the Interview
Length of Transcript
Interview with Elías García Venzor by Myrna Parra-Mantilla, 2003, "Interview no. 972," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.