Interviewer

Myrna Parra-Mantilla

Project

Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Manuel Márquez Flores was born in 1920; he spent his childhood with his seven siblings on the ranch where their father worked; he learned of the Bracero Program while he was helping his father work on the ranch; in 1959, he was hired as a bracero; he worked in the cotton and tomato fields of Las Cruces, New Mexico; he also worked in Pecos, Texas.

Summary of Interview

Mr. Márquez traveled to Chihuahua, Chihuahua, México, in order to begin the hiring process; he recalls that there were thousands of people from cities all over México waiting to be hired as braceros; because many of them did not have any money, they looked for food in trash cans; Mr. Márquez was hired as a bracero when he was twenty-seven years old; he also remembers that at Rio Vista, a processing center in Socorro, Texas, whenever a potential bracero was turned away due to illness, the rest of the braceros would collect money for that man so he could return home; the Bracero Program was not at all what he expected.

Date of Interview

3-30-2003

Length of Interview

30 minutes

Listen to the Interview

 
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Tape Number

No. 977

Transcript Number

No. 977

Length of Transcript

22 pages

Interview Number

No. 977

Terms of Use

Unrestricted

Comments

Interview in Spanish.

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