Publication Date



Technical Report: UTEP-CS-17-14

To appear in Mathematical Structures and Modeling, 2017, Vol. 43.


It is well known the our Universe is expanding. In principle, we can estimate the expansion speed either directly, by observing the current state of the Universe, or indirectly, by analyzing the cosmic background radiation. Surprisingly, these two estimates lead to somewhat different expansion speeds. This discrepancy is a important challenge for cosmologists. Another challenge comes from recent experiments that show that, contrary to the original idea that dark matter and regular (baryonic) matter practically do not interact, dark matter actually "shadows" the normal matter.

In this paper, we show that this "dark matter confinement" can explain the discrepancy between different estimates of the Universe's expansion speed. It also explains the observed ratio of dark matter to regular matter.