Design and Development of a Delivery System for Green Ionic Monopropellants and Testing of a 22N Thruster
LMP-103S and AFM-315E are emerging propellants that are less toxic to the environment than the propellants currently being used in spacecraft propulsion. Both propellants are a blend of liquid fuel, oxidizer and a majority percent of water. The diluted solutions enable the capability to handle and store the propellants with fewer requirements; for this reason, it decreases the overall cost of the propellants since it needs less precautions. The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) awarded the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) a contract to further research green propellants and eventually replace Hydrazide. ^
Mejia, Jaclyn Mona, "Design and Development of a Delivery System for Green Ionic Monopropellants and Testing of a 22N Thruster" (2017). ETD Collection for University of Texas, El Paso. AAI10285607.