The Development of a Drinking-Specific Compensatory Health Beliefs Scale
The present study sought to investigate the applicability of the Compensatory Health Belief (CHB) model in relation to drinking by developing and validating the Drinking-Specific Compensatory Health Beliefs (CHBs) Scale in adults between the ages of 18 and 29 living in the United States. In phase 1, a pool of 41 items was administered to 293 undergraduate students. An Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was used to construct the Drinking-Specific CHBs Scale, which consists of 13 items that encompass four different factors—physical activity, no consumption of other drugs, amount of alcohol consumed in future, and rest. In phase 2, a Confirmatory factor Analysis (CFA) with 272 M-Turk workers demonstrated that the four-factor model had adequate model fit indices and adequate reliability estimates. In phase 3, convergent and discriminant validity of the Drinking-Specific CHBs Scale was assessed by examining its relationship with other measures in a sample of 222 M-Turk workers. As expected, the Drinking-Specific CHBs Scale was positively correlated with substance use subscale from original CHBs Scale and negatively correlated with drinking refusal self-efficacy. Contrary to expectations, the Drinking-Specific CHBs scale was negatively and significantly correlated with two aspects from the Protective Behavioral Strategies Scale—serious hard reduction and manner of drinking. Limiting/stopping drinking was unrelated. Comparison between drinkers' and abstainers' showed higher endorsement of drinking-specific CHBs among drinkers in comparison to t non-drinkers. Thus, results of phase 3 indicate that there was evidence for both convergent and discriminant validity. Limitations and future directions of this study are discussed. To conclude, the present study provides a unique contribution to the field of alcohol research and our understanding of the cognitive processes involved when we apply the use of CHBs to drinking.^
Oviedo Ramirez, Sandra Leticia, "The Development of a Drinking-Specific Compensatory Health Beliefs Scale" (2017). ETD Collection for University of Texas, El Paso. AAI10742959.