Urban Water Demand in Arid-regions: Modeling and Forecasting Climatic and Economic Effects

Tallen A Capt, University of Texas at El Paso

Abstract

Water demand is an ever-growing concern for many municipalities around the world and understanding the driving forces of demand is critical to ensure sustainability. The goal of this research was to develop mechanistic models of urban water demand that could be used as decision support tools for regional water managers. This dissertation research focused on modeling water consumption in El Paso, Texas at the daily and annual time scale for use in a long-term forecast. The dissertation is divided into three major chapters: the first two chapters describe independent models on (1) meteorological and (2) economic effects, respectively. The third chapter then describes the integration of the first two models to produce a long-term forecast at the daily time scale. The chapters were written as three independent manuscripts. This work allows regional water planners to consider tradeoffs among rate increases, conservation spending, and water supply augmentation with respect to peak-day demand capacity and desired unit consumption, in light of increasing temperature and decreasing annual precipitation.

Subject Area

Water Resources Management

Recommended Citation

Capt, Tallen A, "Urban Water Demand in Arid-regions: Modeling and Forecasting Climatic and Economic Effects" (2019). ETD Collection for University of Texas, El Paso. AAI13884071.
https://digitalcommons.utep.edu/dissertations/AAI13884071

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