Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Margarita López was born April 15, 1934, in Calvillo, Aguascalientes, México; her parents were laborers, and she had six siblings; she was formally educated through the sixth grade; later, in 1950, she married Higinio López; she was fifteen years old at the time, and he was twenty-four; Higinio began working as a bracero prior to their marriage, and he continued to do so afterward as well; they went on to have eleven children, four of whom died; the family ultimately settled in Beaumont, California.
Summary of Interview
Ms. López talks about her hometown in Calvillo, Aguascalientes, México, and how much it has grown since she was a child; in 1950, when she was fifteen years old, she married Higinio López; he was twenty-four at the time; they grew up in the same town, but on different ranches; Higinio had begun working as a bracero prior to their marriage, before he and Margarita had even met; after they married, they lived on his ranch, and he continued working as a bracero; in 1952, they had their first daughter; by 1956, they had two children and moved to Mexicali, Baja California, México; he traveled back and forth between his home and work on a daily basis; Margarita lived with her sister for a short time, which helped greatly, especially when Higinio had to go to Empalme, Sonora, México to renew his contract and was unable to send money; the family eventually began renting a home in order to live on their own, and three years later, they bought land and started building their own place; in 1960, Higinio legally immigrated to the United States, but he continued working in the fields and commuting daily; during the early 1960s, he arranged for some of his children to immigrate, and in 1972, he was abe to do the same for the rest of the family; Margarita and Higinio went on to have eleven children, four of whom died; the family ultimately settled in Beaumont, California.
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
Length of Transcript
Interview with Margarita López by Rochelle Garza, 2006, "Interview no. 1081," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.