Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
María Cantor was born on February 2, 1934 in Zacoalco de Torres, Jalisco, México; her parents were Francisco Mariscal Magallanes and María Preciado; her father was a farmer; she was the oldest of eleven children; she was formally educated through the fourth grade; her father joined the bracero program in 1946 at Empalme, Sonora, México; as a bracero her father labored in the fields of Washington, Ohio, Oregon, and California; her father worked for the railroad; when the bracero program ended he returned to México.
Summary of Interview
Mrs. Cantor briefly recalls her childhood and the financial difficulties her family endured; she recalls that her father decided to enlist in the bracero program in 1946; she recalls how difficult it was for her father to become a bracero; her father was contracted approximately four or five times; she mentions that he went through a processing center in Empalme, Sonora, México; as a part of the process, he was medically examined, vaccinated and deloused; she goes on to talk about his payments and his correspondence with her mother; as a bracero, her father worked for the railroad and labored in the fields picking cotton; she recalls that he also labored in the fields of San José, California picking oranges and onions; after the bracero program ended, her father returned to México where he died in 1995.
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Interview with María Cantor by Steve Velásquez, 2005, "Interview no. 1115," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.