Oscar J. Martinez
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
(Social Worker; community leader) Born in Rio Florido, Chihuahua, on April 9, 1896; full-blooded Indian, Tepehuani and Tarahumara; educated in Chihuahua and at Sacred Heart School in El Paso, Texas.
Summary of Interview
Early life and migration to El Paso; reenganches and railroad workers; family background; immigration in Juarez-El Paso; beginning of work with U.S. Catholic Conference; Mexican evacuation, 1904-1905; housing in El Paso; Diaz-Taft meeting; wages in El Paso; refugees; World War I (brief); deportations of the 1930s; repatriations back to the United States; the term "Chicano."
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
1 hour 30 minutes
Length of Transcript
Interview with Cleofas Calleros by Oscar J. Martinez, 1972, "Interview no. 157," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.