Cleofas Calleros


Oscar J. Martinez

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

(Social Worker; community leader) Born in Rio Florido, Chihuahua, on April 9, 1896; full-blooded Indian, Tepehuani and Tarahumara; educated in Chihuahua and at Sacred Heart School in El Paso, Texas.

Summary of Interview

Early life and migration to El Paso; reenganches and railroad workers; family background; immigration in Juarez-El Paso; beginning of work with U.S. Catholic Conference; Mexican evacuation, 1904-1905; housing in El Paso; Diaz-Taft meeting; wages in El Paso; refugees; World War I (brief); deportations of the 1930s; repatriations back to the United States; the term "Chicano."

Date of Interview


Length of Interview

1 hour 30 minutes

Listen to the Interview

Media is loading

Tape Number

No. 157

Transcript Number

No. 157

Length of Transcript

28 pages

Interview Number

No. 157

Terms of Use



Interview in Spanish