Concentration problems for bandpass filters in communication theory over disjoint fre- quency intervals and numerical solutions
The concentration problem of maximizing signal strength of bandlimited and timelimited nature is important in communication theory. In this paper we consider two types of concentration problems for the signals which are bandlimited in disjoint frequency-intervals, which constitute a band-pass filter. For the first type the problem is to determine which members of L 2(−∞,∞) lose the smallest fraction of their energy when first timelimited and then bandlimited. For the second type the problem is to determine which bandlimited signals lose the smallest fraction of their energy when restricted to a given time interval. For both types of problems, basic theoretical properties and numerical algorithms for solution and convergence theorems are given. Orthogonality properties of analytically extended eigenfunctions over L 2(−∞,∞) are also proved. Numerical computations are carried out which corroborate the theory. Relationship between eigenvalues of these two types of problems is also established. Several properties of eigenvalues of both types of problems are proved.