Kessler Foundation Neglect Assessment Process (KF-NAP™) uniquely measures spatial neglect during activities of daily living
OBJECTIVES: To explore the factor structure of the Kessler Foundation Neglect Assessment Process (KF-NAP), and evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of spatial neglect among stroke survivors. DESIGN: Inception cohort. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF). PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=121) with unilateral brain damage from their first stroke were assessed within 72 hours of admission to an IRF, and 108 were assessed again within 72 hours before IRF discharge. INTERVENTIONS: Usual and standard IRF care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: During each assessment session, occupational therapists measured patients' functions with the KF-NAP, FIM, and Barthel Index (BI). RESULTS: The KF-NAP showed excellent internal consistency with a single-factor structure. The exploratory factor analysis revealed the KF-NAP to be unique from both the FIM and BI even though all 3 scales were correlated. Symptoms of spatial neglect (KF-NAP>0) were present in 67.8% of the participants at admission and 47.2% at discharge. Participants showing the disorder at IRF admission were hospitalized longer than those showing no symptoms. Among those presenting with symptoms, the regression analysis showed that the KF-NAP scores at admission negatively predicted FIM scores at discharge, after controlling for age, FIM at admission, and length of stay. CONCLUSIONS: The KF-NAP uniquely quantifies symptoms of spatial neglect by measuring functional difficulties that are not captured by the FIM or BI. Using the KF-NAP to measure spatial neglect, we found the disorder persistent after inpatient rehabilitation, and replicated previous findings showing that spatial neglect adversely affects rehabilitation outcome even after prolonged IRF care.