Mental Health Disparities and Social Justice on the U.S. Mexico Border Region
Mental health services in the border region lag behind the nation. The situation is aggravated by a difference in the type of treatment individuals from different ethnic groups receive. Although the border is a minority majority region, minorities have less access to mental health services. This chapter discusses mental health disparities prevalent on the US-Mexico border which include access to mental health services, lack of mental health providers, and underutilization rates. Data are presented from major studies on the prevalence of mental health disorders and utilization of mental health services by Hispanics, more specifically Mexican Americans. A discussion is provided about the role of culture in mental health service utilization. The chapter concludes with recommendations for addressing mental health disparities on the US-Mexico border, considering the political context of the region.